Archivio 2018

12 Set 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
contact connection and quantum mechanics
Waldron
We show how to recover quantum mechanics by using parallel section of the contact-Fedosov connection
11 Set 2018
nell'ambito della serie
Complex Analysis Lab
Sub-Riemannian Brownian motion and numerics for SDEs
Charles Curry
We place the numerical method of Cruzeiro, Malliavin and Thalmeier for simulation of elliptic diffusions in the context of Riemannian geometry and discuss possible extensions to the hypoelliptic case.
10 Set 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
contact connection
Waldron
We introduce the notion of Fedosov connection on Contact manifolds
07 Set 2018
nell'ambito della serie
GHAIA Seminars
Kantor triple systems and supersymmetric Jordan triple systems
Antonio Ricciardo
In this seminar we will talk about two generalizations of Jordan triple systems: the triple systems originally introduced by I. L. Kantor in the 1970s and the contemporary supersymmetric Jordan triple systems. We will describe their relation with graded Lie (super)algebras with involutions via the TKK construction and discuss their classification. Explicit examples will be given, both in the finite-dimensional and infinite-dimensional case.
27 Lug 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Almost degenerate Riemann surfaces and the focusing Nonlinear Schrodinger equation as a model for anomalous wave generation
Petr Grinevich
The rogue (anomalous) waves in nature are actively studied now. The generation of such giant waves is an essentially non-linear phenomena, and the focusing Nonlinear Schrodinger equation is treated as one of the basic mathematical models. In the spatially periodic setting anomalous waves correspond to special solutions associated with almost degenerate spectral curves. In this seminar results obtained in collaboration with P.M. Santini will be presented. We show that these special theta-functional solutions admits a simple explicit approximation by elementary functions. P.G. Grinevich was supported by RSF grant No 18-11-00316.
16 Lug 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
nell'ambito della serie
Seminari BAD
Mathematical Models for Evolutionary Genomics: Coalescent Theory
Alberto Carmagnini
The biodiversity that we observe on Earth is ultimately the product of evolutionary forces: natural selection, mutations, recombination, and random genetic drift jointly shaped the genome of all living organisms. By employing Next Generation Sequencing techniques, geneticists are now able to observe patterns of DNA sequence variation at different evolutionary scale and with an unprecedented level of details. Coalescent theory represent arguably the most robust mathematical framework describing the connection between those changes in the genome and the demographic history of a species. In this seminar, I will introduce the standard coalescent model, how this arises from Poisson processes and its connection with a simple population genetic model (the Wright-Fisher model). I will then discuss how can we build more sophisticated models within the coalescent framework and how we can apply them to reconstruct the evolutionary history of a species and redefine the species concept itself.
10 Lug 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
La linguistica dal punto di vista di un matematico
Marco Barone (UFPE, Recife)
Il ragionamento matematico deduttivo, com’è percepito attraverso le pubblicazioni ufficiali e, più in generale, la “comunicazione” del messaggio logico-matematico, non sempre riflette tutte le caratteristiche del pensiero del matematico in corso d’opera (non comunicato) e gli approcci metodologici che portano alla formulazione finale dei risultati. “Affinare la mira”, valutare il rischio dell’imbarcarsi in un tentativo, la convenienza nell’ottimizzare, nel generalizzare o meno l’ipotesi di un teorema al massimo, o viceversa specificarne una tesi, sono fasi inevitabili della storia della lotta ai problemi che non appaiono di norma nel prodotto finito. Riteniamo che l’abitudine alla categorizzazione, all’inquadramento formale di problemi complessi e la lungimiranza di pensiero che la disciplina scientifica fornisce, possano rendere menti esercitate a tale scopo anche idonee a sistematizzare altre teorie, prestando un contributo unico, per esempio, alle scienze umane e sociali, non solo nell’analisi quantitativa di dati ma nella propria concezione e ideazione della modellazione, nell’elaborazione e raffinamento della metodologia, nell’attribuzione di significato e interpretazione qualitativa dei risultati, oltre che nascondere un grande potenziale di valutazione decisionale. La ricerca interdisciplinare si costruisce con lungo sforzo dal contatto di mondi destinati, a volte per molto tempo, a rimanere fisicamente incomunicanti. Ma quando la distanza è rilevante anche nei contenuti, essere pionieri equivale a fare un salto nel vuoto e spostarsi interamente e radicalmente. Seguendo le orme della propria esperienza personale, l’autore, un matematico di prima formazione, si propone di presentare una serie di studi di linguistica, inerenti al suo attuale ambito di ricerca, l’intonazione, che hanno visto la concretizzazione di alcune sue contribuzioni speciali, sebbene non strettamente “matematici” nei contenuti. Presenteremo un problema di analisi del cambiamento linguistico nel tempo, un problema di rianalisi e rigrammaticalizzazione intonativa, un progetto di recupero di informazione linguistica data per morta attraverso l’intonazione e infine uno studio statistico che mostra la stabilizzazione di una “logica ritmica” specifica in alcune varietà linguistiche. La speranza è che il contatto con il pubblico, oltre a fruire di un diversivo ed aprire gli orizzonti conoscitivi, possa contribuire a un dibattito proficuo su possibili applicazioni di modelli matematici preesistenti a supporto di problemi nuovi.
09 Lug 2018
seminario di finanza matematica
Generalizations of Black-Scholes model. Numerical implementations.
Angela Slavova
We propose new modules in programming environment MATHEMATICA for the Black-Scholes model taking into account the sensitivity coefficients and considering discrete dividends taxed at rate tax. Then Black Scholes model with Leland corrections is presented in the case when we have discrete dividends and discrete taxes. The modules presented in this talk are component of web-based application, realized in the program environmental with central mathematical kernel and in some sense realizes the problem proposed above, and the build software instruments can be used for research investigations, as well as for training.
06 Lug 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Regularity properties of the solutions of several hyperbolic equations and systems
Petar Popivanov
This talk deals with the regularity properties (including propagation and interaction of nonlinear waves) of the solutions of the Cauchy problem to 2D semilinear wave equation with the removable singularities of the solutions of fully nonlinear hyperbolic systems arising in the mechanics of compressible fluids with constant entropy, and with the regularizing properties of the multidimensional wave equation with dissipative term. We shall first discuss the machinery of the pseudodifferential, respectively paradifferential operators which is applied. More precisely, "radially smooth" initial data having singularities on a "massive" set of angles in the plane, including the Cantor continuum set, yield singularities propagating as in the linear case. There is a big difference between the 2D case and the multidimensional case (3D) when the interaction of several (for example four) characteristic hyper-planes could produce singularities on a dense subset of the compliment of the light cone of the future located over the origin. A result of Bony for the triple interaction of progressing linear waves in the 2D case is commented too as then new effect appears: new born wave propagating along the cone of the future with vertex at the origin. We assume that the first variation of the nonlinear system under consideration is linear, symmetric and positive one in the sense of Friedrichs. A microlocal version of the Moser's condition on the existence of global solutions on the torus of the same system enables us to prove the nonexistence of isolated singularities at each characteristic point of the main symbol of the first variation. For symmetric quasilinear hyperbolic systems we study the propagation of regularity. As usual, the strength of the singularities is measured both in Sobolev space and microlocalized Sobolev spaces. An example from fluid mechanics will be presented in order to illustrate our results.
05 Lug 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
CR Structures Of Once-Punctured Torus Bundles
Alex Casella
The Cauchy-Riemann geometry (CR in short) is modelled on the three sphere and the group of its biholomorphic transformations. In 2008 Falbel makes use of ideal triangulations to shows that the figure eight knot complement admits a (branched) CR structure. This three manifold belongs to a larger class of important three manifolds that are fiber bundles over the circle, with fiber space the once-punctured torus. In this talk we introduce the audience to these manifolds and show that almost every once-punctured torus bundle admits a (branched) CR structure.
28 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
The Lane-Emden equation on a planar domain
Angela Pistoia
I will review some old and new results concerning existence, multiplicity and asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the classical Lane-Emden equation on a planar domain when the exponent of the non-linearity is large.
28 Giu 2018
Curvature equations in Carnot groups
Luca Capogna
Il seminario è riservato ai partecipanti al progetto
22 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Regularity in free boundary problems with distributed sources
Sandro Salsa
We describe recent results obtained in collaboration with Daniela De Silva and Fausto Ferrari on two-phase free bounday problems in presence of distributed sources. The focus will be mainly on higher regularity and related open problems.
22 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Mild solutions to a second order Hamilton- Jacobi equation arising in mathematical finance
Viorel Barbu
Existence and uniqueness of a mild solution to the dynamic programming equation corresponding to optimal control associated with the Heston stochastic volatility control is studied. The approach is based on nonlinear semigroup theory in the space $L^{1}$.
22 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
On Harnack's contributions to potential theory
Umberto Bottazzini
One of B. Pini's most quoted papers deals with his (and Hadamard's) contemporary derivation of a theorem analogue to a theorem by Harnack on harmonic functions. In the talk I will focus on Harnack's contributions to potential theory and his solution to Dirichlet problem as presented in his 1887 book as well as to Kellog's 1929 book on potential theory to which Pini himself referred in his paper
22 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
New Results on Instantaneous Blowup in HN
Gisèle Ruiz Goldstein
22 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
EVOLUTIONARY POLITICS: LESSONS FROM THE IMMUNE SYSTEM
Miguel Angel Herrero García
Miguel A. Herrero Real Academia de Ciencias and Universidad Complutense, Madrid, Spain. Consider a society consisting of a large number of individuals (about 10 13, several orders of magnitude larger than today´s world population) organized in hundreds of different social groups (current count of UN countries being about 200) and employed in many different jobs. Assume further a huge immigration rate (about 1011 new arrivals per day) coupled to a high mortality rate, so as to balance the previous figure. Such society enjoys full employment, and wealth is shared by all individuals. Order is maintained by an extremely efficient police force that keeps threatening aliens at bay. What kind of government could possibly be up to the task of ruling such society? The answer is simple: none. Anarchy prevails in the society we have summarily described, which is not located at the remote island of Utopia: it is just you (or me) and no central organ of control is in charge of its operation. Its efficient performance is an emergent property, resulting from individual decisions of its cells, and is not centrally regulated from any commanding headquarters. We shall describe in this lecture some features of one of the cornerstones of this complex structure, the immune system, and will shortly remark on other cell regulation properties which show a distinct emergent character as well.
21 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Regularity of the optimal sets for spectral functionals and the free boundary for the vectorial Bernoulli problem
Susanna Terracini
21 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
The Agmon-Douglis-Nirenberg Problem for Dynamic Boundary Conditions
Jerome Goldstein
21 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Sobolev and BV functions in infinite dimension
Alessandra Lunardi
In Hilbert or Banach spaces $X$ endowed with a good probability measure $\mu$ there are a few "natural" definitions of Sobolev spaces and of spaces of bounded variation functions. The available theory deals mainly with Gaussian measures and Sobolev and BV functions defined in the whole $X$, while the study and Sobolev and BV spaces in domains, and/or with respect to non Gaussian measures, is largely to be developed. As in finite dimension, Sobolev and BV functions are tools for the study of different problems, in particular for PDEs with infinitely many variables, arising in mathematical physics in the modeling of systems with an infinite number of degrees of freedom, and in stochastic PDEs through Kolmogorov equations. In this talk I will describe some of the main features and open problems concerning such function spaces.
21 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Measure-valued and discontinuous solutions of some evolution equations
Michiel Bertsch
Motivated by an application to stratified turbulent flows in oceanography, I shall discuss some singular solutions of nonlinear PDE's of evolutionary type, in particular discontinuous and Radon measure valued solutions. We focus on different regularizations of backward parabolic equations, first order scalar conservation laws, and, if time permits, a toy problem for a Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Most of this lecture is based on collaborations with L. Giacomelli, F. Smarrazzo, A. Terracina and A. Tesei.
21 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
RECENT RESULTS ABOUT THE MAXIMUM PRINCIPLE ON UNBOUNDED DOMAINS
Italo Capuzzo Dolcetta
I will give an overview of some results concerning the validity of sign propagation property u ≤ 0 on ∂Ω, F(x,u,Du,D2u) ≥ 0 in Ω implies u ≤ 0 in Ω in an unbounded domain Ω satisfying either measure-type or geometric conditions related to the directions of ellipticity of the (possibly) degenerate fully nonlinear mapping F.
21 Giu 2018
p−harmonic functions in Carnot-Caratheodory spaces
Luca Capogna
Il seminario è riservato ai partecipanti al progetto
21 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Caloric Harnack Inequality, Mean Value Theorem and Capacity: the Bruno Pini Work Towards Modern Parabolic Potential Theory
Ermanno Lanconelli
We describe the pioneering work of Bruno Pini towards the modern Potential Analysis of linear second order parabolic Partial Differential Equations. We mainly focus on the caloric Harnack Inequality discovered by Bruno Pini in 1954, jointly, and independently, with Jacques Hadamard. Pini made of this inequality the crucial tools in his construction of a Wiener-type solution to the ''Dirichlet problem'' for the Heat equation. To this end he also introduced an average operator on the level set of the Heat kernel, characterizing caloric and sub-caloric functions, in analogy with the classical Gauss-Koebe, Blaschke-Privaloff and Saks Theorems for harmonic and sub-harmonic functions. Pini also established, and used, the notion of caloric capacity to study the boundary behavior of his Wiener-type solution to the first boundary value problem for the Heat equation.
20 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi numerica
Scattering by fractal screens: functional analysis and computation
Andrea Moiola
The mathematical analysis and numerical simulation of acoustic and electromagnetic wave scattering by planar screens is a classical topic. The standard technique involves reformulating the problem as a boundary integral equation on the screen, which can be solved numerically using a boundary element method. Theory and computation are both well-developed for the case where the screen is an open subset of the plane with smooth (e.g. Lipschitz or smoother) boundary. In this talk I will explore the case where the screen is an arbitrary subset of the plane; in particular, the screen could have fractal boundary, or itself be a fractal. Such problems are of interest in the study of fractal antennas in electrical engineering, light scattering by snowflakes/ice crystals in atmospheric physics, and in certain diffraction problems in laser optics. The roughness of the screen presents challenging questions concerning how boundary conditions should be enforced, and the appropriate function space setting. But progress is possible and there is interesting behaviour to be discovered: for example, a sound-soft screen with zero area (planar measure zero) can scatter waves provided the fractal dimension of the set is large enough. This research has also motivated investigations into the properties of fractional Sobolev spaces (the classical Bessel potential spaces) on non-Lipschitz domains. Accurate computations are also challenging because of the need to adapt the mesh to the fine structure of the fractal. As well as presenting numerical results, I will outline some outstanding open questions. This is joint work with Simon Chandler-Wilde (Reading) and David Hewett (UCL).
19 Giu 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
Singularities of the leading Lyapunov exponents of a random matrix product and a related continuous process
Rafael Greenblatt
** IL SEMINARIO SI TERRA' ALLE ORE 16 ** I will discuss a certain infinite product of random, positive 2×2 matrices appearing in the exact solution of some 1 and 1+1 dimensional disordered models in statistical mechanics, which depends on a deterministic real parameter ε and a random real parameter with distribution μ. For a large class of μ, we prove a prediction by B. Derrida and H. J. Hillhorst (1983) that the leading Lyapunov exponent behaves like C ε^2α in the limit ε→0, where α ∈ (0,1) is determined by μ. The proof is made possible by a contractivity argument which makes it possible to control the error involved in using an approximate stationary distribution similar to the original proposal, along with some refinements in the estimates obtained using that distribution. A limiting procedure gives a continuum process whose leading Lyapunov estimate admits an exact formula, which also allows us to reformulate part of the argument by McCoy and Wu for the presence of an essential singularity in the free energy of the two-dimensional Ising model with columnar disorder in a form which is closely related to the results obtained for the random matrix product, but which does not yet provide a proof.
19 Giu 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Derived and L-equivalence of manifolds in examples.
Michal Kapustka
I will present several examples of derived and L-equivalent pairs of non-birational Calabi-Yau type manifolds aiming at understanding the relation between these two notions of equivalence. We will try to find a common geometric framework governing these examples. The talk will include joint work with Marco Rampazzo and with Grzegorz Kapustka and Riccardo Moschetti.
19 Giu 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
On the Morin problem
Grzegorz Kapustka
We will study the Morin problem and present a method of classification of finite complete families of incident planes in ℙ5 as a result we prove that there is exactly one, up to Aut(P^5), configuration of maximal cardinality 20 and a unique one parameter family containing all the configurations of 19 planes. The method is to study projective models of appropriated moduli spaces of twisted sheaves on K3 surfaces. This is a joint work with A. Verra.
14 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Cauchy problem for effectively hyperbolic operators with triple characteristics
Vesselin Petkov
We consider the Cauchy problem for hyperbolic operators with characteristics of variable multiplicities r ≤ 3 assuming that the fundamental matrix of the principal sym- bol has two non-vanishing real eigenvalues. The last condition is necessary for the Cauchy problem to be well posed for every choice of lower order terms. The operators with this pro- perty are called strongly hyperbolic and it was conjectured that every effectively hyperbolic operator is strongly hyperbolic. In this talk we present a survey of the results in the case r = 3. The proofs are based on the energy estimates with a big loss of derivatives depending of lower order terms. This is a joint work with T. Nishitani.
13 Giu 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Logica matematica, tipi e linguaggi di programmazione: La creazione della teoria matematica della computazione negli anni sessanta.
Simone Martini
In una vulgata abbastanza comune, si sostiene una derivazione diretta dell'informatica dai lavori teorici di Turing ed altri sulla calcolabilità; e si ritiene che vi sia stata un'influenza significativa della logica matematica sul progetto dei linguaggi di programmazione ad alto livello negli anni '60. Argomenterò come si tratti di una ricostruzione per molti versi fallace: pur con le dovute eccezioni degli "early giants", la "teoria matematica della computazione" per i linguaggi di programmazione è una creazione degli anni '60, che contribuisce alla costituzione dell'"informatica" come disciplina scientifica accademica. Esemplificherò alcuni dei rapporti tra logica matematica e progetto dei linguaggi di programmazione attraverso la nozione di "tipo di dato", che sembra avere un ovvio corrispettivo nel concetto di "tipo" della logica matematica.
12 Giu 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Definibilità del primo ordine degli interi in una classe speciale di anelli di polinomi
Marco Barone (UFPE, Recife)
Questa presentazione ha l’obiettivo di presentare un lavoro di ricerca a metà strada tra la logica e l’algebra, due aree della matematica dove trovare spiragli per sfornare nuovi risultati è una sifda ardua, lontano dall’essere una pratica di tutti i giorni. Più precisamente esploreremo il concetto di “definibilità del primo ordine”, cioè dell’esistenza di una formula del primo ordine capace di descrivere un sottinsieme o una sottostruttura di una struttura data in un linguaggio fissato (nel nostro caso la teoria degli anelli) come l’insieme degli elementi per cui la formula è vera. È risaputo, in questo senso, che l’anello degli interi è definibile in Q (Robinson, 1949), non è definibile in R (Poonen, 2008) ma è definibile in R[x] (Robinson, 1951, Shlapentokh, 1990) quando R è un dominio di integrità. Il nuovo risultato che presenteremo permette di definire gli interi razionali (immagine del morfismo unitale) dentro R[x], per tutti gli anelli R in una classe più ampia di quella dei domini, quella degli anelli ridotti e indecomponibili, estendendo così il risultato già noto. Una tecnica per definire gli interi, che sarà presentata, consiste nell’utilizzo strategico dell’elemento x per definire l’insieme delle sue potenze e da esse “estrarre gli esponenti” mediante un artificio logico. Ma il lavoro più grande e innovativo consisterà nell’eliminare la necessità di valersi di un simbolo specifico (costante del linguaggio) per nominare tale elemento, mediante una quantificazione su un insieme definibile di elementi con le sue stesse proprietà. La dimostrazione, che sarà un’opportunità per mostrare alcune tecniche di costruzione di formule nell’interfaccia tra logica ed algebra, sarà basata su tre risultati fondamentali, di natura algebrica e logica. Dal punto di vista algebrico, proveremo che nella classe di anelli considerata, x é un elemento irriducibile e i polinomi che sono costanti come funzioni sono anche costanti come polinomi. In logica, troveremo un modo di scrivere, nel primo ordine, che “due potenze di basi distinte hanno lo stesso esponente” e, data l’impossibilità di definire con una formula finita il concetto di potenza, definiremo un concetto molto simile (“potenza logica” o “multiplo puro”) che per una certa classe di elementi, sufficiente al nostro scopo, coinciderà col concetto di potenza.
08 Giu 2018
nel ciclo di seminari
Andrea santi
Levi degenerate CR structures 2
Andrea Santi
i will introduce Levi degenerate CR structures
08 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
nell'ambito della serie
Complex Analysis Lab
The Dirichlet Space: a discrete approach
Pavel Mozolyako
We consider the problem of characterizing the Carleson measures for the Dirichlet space on the bidisc and reduce it to a problem concerning a bilinear Hardy operator on the direct product of two trees, which can be solved. After giving a brief introduction to the Dirichlet and Hardy spaces of analytic functions, we introduce the basics of (logarithmic) potential theory on the bitree and investigate some naturally arising capacitary-type inequalities. Possible further inquiries and related problems are discussed. Work in collaboration with Nicola Arcozzi, Karl-Mikael Perfekt, and Giulia Sarfatti.
07 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
On maximal regularity for the Cauchy-Dirichlet mixed parabolic problem with fractional time derivative
Davide Guidetti
In this seminar we illustrate some results of maximal regularity for the Cauchy-Dirichlet mixed problem, with a fractional time derivative of Caputo type in spaces of continuous and Hölder continuous functions. In questo seminario presentiamo alcuni risultati di regolarità massimale per il problema misto di Cauchy-Dirichlet, con una derivata temporale frazionaria di Caputo, in spazi di funzioni continue e hölderiane.
06 Giu 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nel ciclo di seminari
Andrea santi
Levi degenerate CR structures
Andrea Santi
We introduce Levi degenerate Cr structures
06 Giu 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Homogeneous kinematical spacetimes
José Figueroa-O'Farrill
Kinematical Lie groups are generalisations of the relativity groups and include the group of galilean transformations, as well as the isometries of Minkowski and (anti)de Sitter spacetimes. We will review the recent classification of kinematical Lie algebras in arbitrary dimension and the classification of the corresponding homogeneous spacetimes. Most of these spacetimes do not have invariant metrics, but rather Newton-Cartan and/or carrollian structures, which we will review.
04 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi numerica
Alcune applicazioni dell'analisi matriciale
Davide Palitta
01 Giu 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
A random walk on eye movements
Giuseppe Boccignone (U. Milano)
In this seminar we discuss how by considering eye movements, and in particular the resulting sequence of gaze shifts, a stochastic process, a wide variety of tools become available for analyses and modelling beyond conventional statistical methods. We first give a brief, though critical, probabilistic tour of current computational models of eye movements and visual attention, and we lay down the basis for gaze shift pattern analysis. Then we discuss their links to the concepts of Markov Processes, the Wiener process and related random walks within the Gaussian framework of the Central Limit Theorem Eventually we will deliberately violate the fundamental assumptions of the Central Limit Theorem to elicit a larger perspective, rooted in statistical physics, for analysing and modelling eye movements in terms of anomalous, non-Gaussian, random walks and modern foraging theory.
01 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Uniqueness results for conical sectors
Giulio Tralli
We will discuss a couple of characterizations of spherical sectors inside cones. We will consider partially overdetermined problems in conical domains and constant mean curvature hypersurfaces with boundary attached to a smooth cone. For the case of convex cones, we will present respectively a Serrin-type and an Aleksandrov-type result. We will focus on two aspects: the role of the convexity of the cone, and some gluing assumptions for the intersection between the relative boundary of the domain and the cone. We will also show a rigidity result for constant mean curvature surfaces in starshaped sectors related to non-convex cones. This is a joint work with F. Pacella.
01 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Double bubble problem in the Grushin plane
Valentina Franceschi
We present some recent results on the double bubble problem for the anisotropic perimeter Pα, α ≥ 0 associated with the Grushin plane. The problem consists in finding the best configurations of two regions in the plane enclosing given volumes, in order to minimize their total anisotropic perimeter. When $\alpha=0$, the Grushin plane is just the Euclidean one. If $\alpha\neq 0$, this is a Riemannian structure that degenerate to a sub-Riemannian one on an axis. We prove existence of minimizers and characterize them, in the case of two equal given volumes, and under the assumption that the interface between the bubbles lays on one axis. In particular, we characterize the angles between the bubbles, providing a nice relation with the regularity theory for (Riemannian) perimeter minimizers. In conclusion, in the case $\alpha=1$, minimal double bubbles with interface on the vertical axis have perimeter strictly greater then the ones having interface on the horizontal one: we interpret this fact in terms of isoperimetric sets. Joint work with G. Stefani (SNS, Pisa).
01 Giu 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
The sensory-motor nature of number concepts and arithmetic
Martin Fischer (U. Potsdam)
The concept of number has traditionally been considered as a prototypical instance of abstract(ed) knowledge. It denotes the size of any arbitrary set of objects, thus seemingly preventing systematic correlations with sensory or motor features. Yet, numerosity does co-vary with physical parameters in perception and action. Importantly, number symbols preserve this association. In this presentation, I describe how number processing obligatorily activates sensory and motor features: both sensory and motor processing are improved in left vs. right space following the presentation of small vs. large numbers. These links are bi-directional and suffice to identify numbers as embodied concepts. Moreover, these space-magnitude associations influence mental arithmetic and everyday quantitative reasoning (cf. Fischer & Shaki, 2014). Implications for research and theorizing will be discussed. Reference: Fischer, M. H. & Shaki, S. (2014). Spatial Associations in Numerical Cognition: From single digits to arithmetic. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67(8), 1461-1483.
01 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Gaffney-Friedrichs inequality for differential forms on Heisenberg groups
Francescopaolo Montefalcone
In this talk, I will discuss several generalized versions, dependent on different boundary conditions, of the classical Gaffney-Friedrichs inequality for differential forms in Heisenberg groups. In the first part I will consider horizontal differential forms and the horizontal differential. In the second part, I will illustrate the counterpart of these results in the context of the Rumin’s complex. The results presented in this talk are obtained jointly with B. Franchi and E. Serra of the University of Bologna.
01 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Interior and boundary regularity of nonlocal minimal surfaces
Serena Dipierro
We recall the notion of nonlocal minimal surfaces and we discuss their qualitative and quantitative interior and boundary behavior. In particular, we present some optimal examples in which the surfaces stick at the boundary. This phenomenon is purely nonlocal, since classical minimal surfaces do not stick at the boundary of convex domains.
01 Giu 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Geometric estimates for Poincaré constants in convex sets
Lorenzo Brasco
In this talk, we show some estimates of the Poincaré constant on a convex set in terms of geometric quantities: inradius, diameter, perimeter, Cheeger constant and so on. We deal with the case of Poincaré inequalities for functions vanishing at the boundary, as well as for zero-mean functions.
31 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Some recent results in the study of fractional mean curvature flow
Eleonora Cinti
We study a geometric flow driven by the fractional mean curvature (FMC). The notion of fractional mean curvature arises naturally when performing the first variation of the fractional perimeter functional (introduced by Caffarelli, Roquejoffre, and Savin). More precisely, we show the existence of surfaces which develope neckpinch singularities, in any dimension n ≥ 2. Interestingly, in dimension n=2 our result gives a counterexample to Greyson Theorem for the classical mean curvature flow. The result has been obtained in collaboration with C. Sinestrari and E. Valdinoci.
31 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Steiner formula and Gauss curvature in the Heisenberg group
Eugenio Vecchi
In this talk I will present some results concerning a localized Steiner-type formula for tubular neighborhoods in the Carnot-Carathéodory metric and a possible definition of horizontal Gauss curvature for smooth surfaces in the first Heisenberg group. The talk is based on a joint works with Z.M. Balogh, F. Ferrari, B. Franchi, J.T. Tyson and K. Wildrick.
31 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Non local methods for the fractional Yamabe problem with singularities
31 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Geometric aspects of p-capacitary potentials
Andrea Pinamonti
The aim of this talk is to provide monotonicity formulas for solutions to the p-Laplace equation defined in the exterior of a convex domain. A number of analytic and geometric consequences are derived as well as new characterizations of rotationally symmetric solutions and domains. The talk is based on a joint work with L. Mazzieri and M. Fogagnolo.
31 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Sign-changing prescribed Gaussian curvature
Francesca De Marchis
I will consider the problem of prescribing the Gaussian curvature (under pointwise conformal change of the metric) on surfaces with conical singularities. This question has been first raised by Troyanov [TAMS,1991] and it is a generalization of the Kazdan-Warner problem for regular surfaces, known as the Nirenberg problem on the sphere. From the analytical point of view, this amounts to solve a singular Liouville-type equation on the surface. Initially, in the supercritical regime, only the case of positive prescribed Gaussian curvature has been attacked. In this talk I will present some new results (obtained in collaboration with T. D`Aprile, I. Ianni, S. Kallel, R. López-Soriano and D. Ruiz) concerning the sign-changing case.
31 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Function Spaces via Fractional Poisson kernel on Carnot Groups and Applications
Ali Maalaoui
We will present here some different characterizations of Besov and Sobolev spaces on Carnot groups. This characterizations involve the use of the fractional heat kernel and the fractional Poisson kernel. As an application of the previous results, we prove diverse commutator results involving the fractional sub-Laplacian.
29 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
The vanishing discount problem for fully nonlinear degenerate elliptic PDEs
Hitoshi Ishii, Tsuda University, Japan
I discuss an approach, based on generalized Mather measures, to the vanishing discount problem for fully nonlinear, degenerate elliptic, partial differential equations. Under mild assumptions, we introduce viscosity Mather measures for such PDEs, which are natural extensions of Mather measures, originally due to J. Mather. Using the viscosity Mather measures, we can show that the whole family of solutions $v^\lambda$ of the discounted problem, with the discount factor $\lambda$, converges to a solution of the ergodic problem as $\lambda$ goes to 0. This is based on joint work with Hiroyoshi Mitake (Hiroshima University) and Hung V. Tran (University of Wisconsin, Madison).
29 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Invariant and selective image representations for efficient deep networks with applications to visual cortex
Fabio Anselmi
We propose the use of image symmetries, in the sense of equivalences under image transformations, as priors for learning symmetry adapted representations, i.e., representations that are invariant to these transformations. We show how Deep Convolutional Neural Networks implement such representations for the translation group and propose a new regularization term to extend the learning to other groups. Further, from a computational neuroscience point of view, we show in which sense the ventral stream architecture can be mapped to a class of Deep Convolutional Neural Networks.
29 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Critical Contours Anchor Shape Inferences
Steven Zucker
25 Mag 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Una caratterizzazione di Fano 4-folds tramite fibrazioni coniche
Eleonora Anna Romano
Sia X una varietà proiettiva, complessa, liscia e Fano di dimensione arbitraria n. Una fibrazione conica f : X -> Y è una contrazione di tipo fibrato con fibre di dimensione uno. Denotiamo con N_1(X) lo spazio vettoriale reale degli 1-cicli a coefficienti in R, modulo equivalenza numerica, la cui dimensione è il numero di Picard \rho(X). Dato un divisore primo D in X, l'inclusione i : D -> X induce il pushforward di 1-cicli i_* : N_1(D) -> N_1(X). Consideriamo N_1(D;X) := i_*(N_1(D)) in N_1(X), quindi il sottospazio lineare di N_1(X) generato dalle classi di equivalenza numerica di curve contenute in D. Casagrande ha introdotto il seguente invariante, chiamato Lefschetz defect: Delta_X := max {codimN_1(D;X), con D divisore primo}. In questo seminario, osserveremo dapprima che data una fibrazione conica f : X -> Y con r := \rho(X) - \rho(Y) > 1, sussiste un legame tra r e Delta_X. Ad esempio, è possibile trovare dei lower-bounds per Delta_X in termini di r. Successivamente ci focalizzeremo sul caso in cui n = 4 e Delta_X = 3, presentando un risultato di caratterizzazione in termini di Delta_X di Fano 4-folds che ammettono una fibrazione conica f : X -> Y con \rho(X)-\rho(Y) = 3. Come conseguenza, osserveremo che tali varietà sono razionali.
24 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Immersioni isometriche del piano iperbolico nello spazio di Minkowski.
Andrea Seppi
Lo spazio di Minkowski è l’analogo Lorentziano dello spazio Euclideo, ed è noto che esiste un’immersione isometrica del piano iperbolico nello spazio di Minkowski di dimensione 2+1, la quale è analoga all’immersione isometrica della sfera nello spazio Euclideo. A differenza del caso Euclideo, questa immersione isometrica non è unica a meno di isometrie globali. Presenterò alcuni risultati (i più recenti in collaborazione con Francesco Bonsante e Peter Smillie) sul problema della classificazione di tali immersioni isometriche, sottolineando le connessioni con altri argomenti, come le mappe armoniche tra varietà Riemanniane, le equazioni di Monge-Ampère e la teoria di Teichmüller.
24 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi numerica
Metodi numerici per Quantificazione dell'Incertezza di PDE con parametri aleatori
Lorenzo Tamellini
Quando si costruisce un modello matematico per descrivere il comportamento di un sistema fisico, si deve spesso affrontare il problema che alcuni parametri del modello (coefficienti, forzanti, condizioni al bordo, forma del dominio etc) non sono noti esattamente, ma al contrario sono affetti da un certo grado di incertezza, e quindi descritti in maniera naturale in termini di variabili aleatorie/campi aleatori. La necessita` di stimare l'affidabilita` delle simulazioni numeriche tenendo conto di tale aleatorieta` ha portato all'introduzione di tecniche di Quantificazione dell'Incertezza (Uncertainty Quantification) nel calcolo scientifico. Obiettivi classici di questo tipo di analisi sono a) il calcolo di indici statistici (ad es media e varianza) per quantita` di interesse legate alla soluzione dell'equazione considerata (ad esempio, il valore della soluzione in un punto, il suo integrale sul dominio di calcolo, o il flusso in uscita) b) il miglioramento della descrizione statistica dei parametri del modello basandosi su osservazioni sperimentali di tali quantita` di interesse. Il primo tipo di analisi e` tipicamente conosciuto come "Forward uncertainty Quantification", mentre il secondo "Inverse Uncertainty QUantification". Uno degli ostacoli principali in UQ e` rappresentato dal fatto che in molte applicazioni sono necessarie numerose variabili aleatorie (a volte dell'ordine di decine o centinaia) per ottenere rappresentazioni accurate dell'incertezza del modello. Gli schemi numerici adottati per eseguire l'analisi di UQ devono quindi essere tali da limitare il piu` possibile il peggioramento della performance quando il numero di parametri aumenta - un fenomeno noto come "curse of dimensionality". In questo seminario introdurro` le basi della metodologie di UQ per PDE con parametri aleatori e discutero` la loro applicazione a qualche problema (semplificato) di interesse ingegneristico (stampa 3d, flussi in mezzi porosi, bacini sedimentari)
22 Mag 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
A baby version of a crash course on some fundamentals of infinite ergodic theory (second part)
Marco Lenci
17 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Formazione di singolarità nel moto secondo la curvatura media frazionaria
Carlo Sinestrari
Nel 2009, Caffarelli, Roquejoffre e Savin hanno introdotto una nozione non locale di perimetro di insiemi, detto perimetro frazionario. Dalla variazione prima del perimetro si ottiene la curvatura media frazionaria di un insieme, che è definita da un operatore integrale con nucleo singolare. Da allora, vari autori hanno studiato queste nozioni, ottenendo ad esempio proprietà di regolarità per superfici minime non locali, esistenza di superfici di tipo Delaunay a curvatura frazionaria costante, e disuguaglianze isoperimetriche. Più recentemente, è stato considerato il moto di superfici secondo la curvatura media frazionaria, che è il flusso gradiente del perimetro non locale, ottenendo risultati di esistenza e unicità per soluzioni deboli e proprietà di invarianza. Dopo aver richiamato queste proprietà, ci soffermeremo su un risultato in collaborazione con E. Cinti ed E. Valdinoci, che dimostra l'esistenza di superfici che sviluppano singolarità di tipo "collo di bottiglia" (neckpinch). E' interessante notare che, come conseguenza della natura non locale della curvatura frazionaria, tali singolarità si sviluppano in qualunque dimensione, inclusa quella orrispondente al caso di curve nel piano. In questo aspetto l'evoluzione si differenzia da quella classica, dove le curve si contraggono a un punto senza sviluppare singolarità in base al teorema di Grayson.
17 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Professione Matematico
Elisa Bragaglia - Lucia Capecci - Jacopo Lanzoni - Enrico Manfredi - Sonia Solaroli
Durante il seminario cinque ex studenti di matematica, laureati negli ultimi anni, verranno a raccontare la loro esperienza nel mondo del lavoro. Sarà un’occasione per scoprire le reali possibilità occupazionali per un laureato in matematica, le difficoltà che al termine del percorso gli studenti si troveranno ad affrontare e le potenzialità che sono più apprezzate. I cinque giovani matematici faranno una breve presentazione sulla loro esperienza per poi lasciare spazio alle domande.
17 Mag 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
A baby version of a crash course on some fundamentals of infinite ergodic theory
Marco Lenci
16 Mag 2018
nel ciclo di seminari
Seminari di Probabilità
Existence of proper regular conditional distributions
Pietro Rigo
In the first part of the talk, mainly of the heuristic type, some basic notions (such as regularity, properness, disintegrability) are recalled and some examples are discussed. The second part is more technical and is devoted to some results and their implications. In the classical (Kolmogorovian) framework, a few 0-1 laws for regular conditional distributions are stated. Special attention is paid to the tail and the symmetric sigma- fields. In the coherent (de Finettian) framework, with reference to a Bayesian inferential problem, the existence of posterior distributions that make sufficient a given statistics, or make optimal a given estimator, is discussed. Finally, some compatibility problems for conditional distributions are mentioned, and a few asymptotic results are stated
16 Mag 2018
nel ciclo di seminari
Seminari di Probabilità
Existence of proper regular conditional distributions
Pietro Rigo (Università di Pavia)
In the first part of the talk, mainly of the heuristic type, some basic notions (such as regularity, properness, disintegrability) are recalled and some examples are discussed. The second part is more technical and is devoted to some results and their implications. In the classical (Kolmogorovian) framework, a few 0-1 laws for regular conditional distributions are stated. Special attention is paid to the tail and the symmetric sigma- fields. In the coherent (de Finettian) framework, with reference to a Bayesian inferential problem, the existence of posterior distributions that make sufficient a given statistics, or make optimal a given estimator, is discussed. Finally, some compatibility problems for conditional distributions are mentioned, and a few asymptotic results are stated
14 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Geometric Deep Learning
A. Cattabriga
14 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Geometric Deep Learning
A. Cattabriga
11 Mag 2018
seminario di finanza matematica, interdisciplinare
On Overconfidence, Bubbles and the Stochastic Discount Factor
Hye-Jin Cho, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne
This study is intended to provide a continuous-time equilibrium model in which overconfidence generates disagreements among two groups regarding asset fundamentals. Every agent in trading wants to sell more than the average stock price in the market. However, the overconfident agent drives a speculative bubble with a false belief that the stock price will tend to move to the average price over time. I represent the difference between a false belief and a stochastic stationary process which does not change when shifted in time. The gap of beliefs shows how to accommodate dynamic fluctuations as parameters change such as the degree of overconfidence or the information of signals. By showing how changes in an expectation operator affect the stochastic variance of economic fundamentals, speculative bubbles are revealed at the burst independently from the market.
10 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Level convessita' e distanze intrinsiche nei problemi variazionali in L^\infty
Francesca Prinari
In questo seminario, dopo aver introdotto la nozione di level convessita' ed il ruolo che essa riveste nei problemi di Calcolo delle Variazioni in L^\infty, si studiera' l'inviluppo semicontinuo di un funzionale della forma $$F(u)=\supess_{\Omega} f(x,Du(x))$$ su $W^{1,\infty}(\Omega)$ rispetto la topologia debole* e si dimostrera' che esso soddisfa la proprieta' di level convessita'. A tal fine si rappresenteranno i sottolivelli del funzionale rilassato per mezzo di opportune pseudo-distanze associate al funzionale $F$.
10 Mag 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
Embeddings of graphs on​ surfaces and genus of groups
Michele Mulazzani
07 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Modelli della corteccia visiva e Deep Learning
G. Citti
04 Mag 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
nel ciclo di seminari
Neuromatematica
Large scale cortical networks for controlling motor and cognitive motor functions
Borra Elena
Cortical functions result from the conjoint function of different, reciprocally connected areas working together as large-scale functionally specialized networks. Architectonic, connectional, and functional data have provided evidence for functionally specialized large-scale cortical networks of the macaque brain involving temporal, parietal, and frontal areas. These networks appear to play a primary role in controlling different aspects of motor and cognitive motor functions, such as hand action organization and recognition, or oculomotor behavior and gaze processing. Based on comparison of these data with data from human studies, it is possible to argue that there is clear evidence for human counterparts of these networks. These human and macaque putatively homologue networks appear to share phylogenetically older neural mechanisms, which in the evolution of the human lineage could have been exploited and differentiated resulting in the emergence of human-specific functions higher-order cognitive functions
03 Mag 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Degenerate Differential Problems with Fractional Derivatives.
Angelo Favini
03 Mag 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
A few topics in graph theory
Marilena Barnabei
30 Apr 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Universal calculus on quantum principal bunlde
Alessandro Zampini
26 Apr 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
Control and observability on tori (part 2)
Maciej Zworski (Berkeley University)
I will use time dependent Schroedinger equation on the two dimensional torus as a ``laboratory" for describing control and observability for time dependent PDE. The plan of the lectures is 1. General description of the problem and Lions's argument for the equivalence of observability and control. 2. Introduction to semiclassical methods and defect measures. 3. Control by non-empty open sets on tori (a proof of now classical results of Haraux, Jaffard and Komornik using defect measures). 4. A review of modern advances: control by sets of positive Lebesgue measure (Bourgain--Burq--Z, Burq--Z), control on discs (Anantharaman--Leautaud--Macia), control by non-empty open sets on hyperbolic surfaces (Bourgain--Dyatlov, Dyatlov--Jin, Jin).
26 Apr 2018
seminario di analisi numerica
SemiDefinite Programming problem. Introduzione al problema e primi aspetti computazionali.
Margherita Porcelli
24 Apr 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
Control and observability on tori (part 1)
Maciej Zworski (Berkeley University)
I will use time dependent Schroedinger equation on the two dimensional torus as a ``laboratory" for describing control and observability for time dependent PDE. The plan of the lectures is 1. General description of the problem and Lions's argument for the equivalence of observability and control. 2. Introduction to semiclassical methods and defect measures. 3. Control by non-empty open sets on tori (a proof of now classical results of Haraux, Jaffard and Komornik using defect measures). 4. A review of modern advances: control by sets of positive Lebesgue measure (Bourgain--Burq--Z, Burq--Z), control on discs (Anantharaman--Leautaud--Macia), control by non-empty open sets on hyperbolic surfaces (Bourgain--Dyatlov, Dyatlov--Jin, Jin).
19 Apr 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Stime quantitative per ipersuperfici a curvatura media quasi costante
Giulio Ciraolo
Discuteremo alcune versioni quantitative del Teorema di Alexandrov della bolla di sapone, che afferma che le sfere sono le sole ipersuperfici chiuse embedded a curvatura media costante. In particolare, considereremo ipersuperfici con curvatura media vicina ad una costante e descriveremo in maniera quantitativa la vicinanza ad una singola sfera o ad una collezione di sfere tangenti di raggio uguale in termini dell'oscillazione della curvatura media. Inoltre considereremo il problema analogo in ambito nonlocale, mostrando come l'effetto nonlocale implichi una maggiore rigidità del problema e prevenga la formazione di più bolle.
19 Apr 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
Detecting and measuring bias in online platforms: A Network Science approach
Giacomo Livan
The last few years have witnessed the rise of the Sharing Economy, a collection of decentralized online platforms whose users exchange knowledge, goods, and resources on a peer-to-peer basis. Sharing Economy platforms are often praised for their meritocratic approach, where all participants, regardless of their gender or ethnicity, receive the same opportunities to emerge through digital peer review mechanisms. Yet, they have recently come under fire due to reports of discriminatory behaviours and manipulations of their reputation systems. This raises an important question: are Sharing Economy platforms fair marketplaces, where all participants operate on a level playing field, or are they large-scale online aggregators of offline human biases? In this talk I will address this question on a number of examples, showing how online platforms can be represented in terms of networks, and how this allows to detect and measure some of the biases that might affect their users' behaviour. In particular, I will present clear evidence of avoidance between users from different ethnic backgrounds on Airbnb, and I will show how user reputation scores are distorted by the widespread practice of reciprocating highly positive ratings in a variety of platforms. I will conclude by discussing how these findings can be used to provide platform design recommendations, aimed at exposing and possibly reducing the biases we detect, in support of a fairer and more inclusive growth of Sharing Economy platforms.
18 Apr 2018
seminario di fisica matematica, probabilità
Refinements of the Central Limit Theorem and Large Deviation Principles for weakly dependent random variables
Kasun Fernando (U. of Maryland, USA)
We discuss sufficient conditions that guarantee the existence of asymptotic expansions for the Central Limit Theorem and Large Deviation Principles for weakly dependent random variables including observations arising from sufficiently chaotic dynamical systems like piece-wise expanding maps, and strongly ergodic Markov chains. We primarily use spectral techniques to obtain these results.The work on CLT is joint with Carlangelo Liverani (Rome) and the work on LDPs is joint with Pratima Hebbar (Maryland).
17 Apr 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
An ongoing research about the persistent homology of vector-valued functions
Patrizio Frosini
In this talk we will illustrate a new line of research concerning the persistent homology of regular functions from a closed manifold to R^2. In particular, we will describe the phenomenon of monodromy for 2D persistence diagrams, and a recent mathematical model based on the concepts of extended Pareto grid and coherent transport of matchings. Some new theoretical results and open problems will be presented.
17 Apr 2018
seminario di analisi matematica, analisi numerica, probabilità
Infimal convolution of data discrepancies for mixed noise removal
Luca Calatroni
In several real-word imaging applications such as microscopy, astronomy and medical imaging, transmission and/or acquisition faults result in a combination of multiple noise statistics in the observed image. Classical data discrepancies models dealing with this scenario linearly combine standard data fidelities used for single-noise removal or consider exact log-likelihood MAP estimators which are difficult to deal with in practice. In this talk, we derive a statistically consistent variational model for combining mixed data fidelities associated to single noise distributions in a handy infimal convoution fashion by which individual noise components in the data are modelled appropriately and separated from each other after a Total Variation smoothing. Our analysis is carried out in function spaces. For the numerical solution of the resulting denoising model, we propose a semismooth Newton-type scheme and show preliminary results in the context of bilevel learning for blind mixed denoising.
13 Apr 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
Variational problems in disordered systems and applications to mean field models
Francesco Guerra
We will discuss some recent results and perpsectives on mean field disordered models.In particular we will focus on convexity properties of bipartite spin glasses
12 Apr 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
An introduction to representation theory (part 2)
Fabrizio Caselli
In these lectures the basic notions (such as irreducibility, complete reducibility, indecomposability, induction…) of representation theory are introduced. We will develop the theory following basic examples of finite groups, algebraic groups, associative algebras, Lie algebras and quivers, focusing on similarities and discrepancies.
10 Apr 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
A gentle introduction to the use of G-invariant persistent homology for topological data analysis
Patrizio Frosini
In this talk we will present a metric approach to topological data analysis that is based on a mathematical formalization of the concept of observer, seen as a collection of suitable operators acting on a metric space of functions. These functions represent the set of data that are accessible to the observer, while the operators describe the way the observer elaborates the data and enclose the invariance that he/she associates with them. In particular, we will illustrate the concept of G-equivariant non-expansive operator and how it can be used to build G-invariant persistent homology. The exposition will remain at an elementary and non-technical level, limiting itself to a description of the main ideas in our mathematical setting.
05 Apr 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
The measure and the structure of the free boundary in the lower dimensional obstacle problem
Matteo Focardi (U. Firenze)
In this talk I present the main results of a recent paper in collaboration with E. Spadaro (U. Roma La Sapienza) on the regularity of the free boundary for a class of lower dimensional obstacle problems, including the classical scalar Signorini problem. We prove the first results concerning the global structure of the free boundary, in particular showing its local finiteness and its rectifiability.
05 Apr 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
An introduction to representation theory (part 1)
Fabrizio Caselli
In these lectures the basic notions (such as irreducibility, complete reducibility, indecomposability, induction…) of representation theory are introduced. We will develop the theory following basic examples of finite groups, algebraic groups, associative algebras, Lie algebras and quivers, focusing on similarities and discrepancies.
30 Mar 2018
nel ciclo di seminari
Neuromatematica
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c
30 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Elliptic regularity for ultraparabolic equations
Cyril Imbert, CNRS, Ecole normale supérieure, département de mathématiques et applications
29 Mar 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
A global Torelli theorem for singular symplectic varieties
Christian Lehn
Verbitsky's Global Torelli theorem has been one of the most important advances in the theory of holomorphic symplectic manifolds in the last years. In a joint work with Ben Bakker (University of Georgia) we prove a version of the Global Torelli theorem for singular symplectic varieties and discuss applications. Symplectic varieties have interesting geometric as well as arithmetic properties, their birational geometry is particularly rich. Our results are obtained through the interplay of Hodge theory, deformation theory, and a further example of Verbitsky's technique which might go under the name "how to deduce beautiful consequences from ugly behavior of moduli spaces".
29 Mar 2018
nell'ambito della serie
GHAIA Seminars
Bubbles: symmetries, deformations and an application to monodromy of ODEs.
Lorenzo Ruffoni
Complex projective structures with branch points arise naturally in the study of a certain class of linear rank 2 ODEs on Riemann surfaces. We focus on the genus 2 case, where these structures can be conveniently described in terms of bubbling, i.e. connected sum with the Riemann sphere. This geometric point of view allows for an effective description of the symmetries and deformations of these geometric structures. We will present an application to the study of the Riemann-Hilbert map for the aforementioned class of ODEs.
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Rigidity and stability results for the Gauss mean value formula
Giovanni Cupini
The mean integral of harmonic functions on balls centered at x equals the value of these functions at x. This is the well known Gauss mean value theorem. In 1972 Kuran proved the reverse: if D is a bounded open set containing x, such that the mean integral of harmonic functions on D equals the value of these functions at x, then D is a ball centered at x. Two questions may be raised: (1) similar rigidity results can be proved for weighted mean integrals? (2) is the Gauss mean value formula stable? That is: if the mean integral of harmonic functions on D centered at x is almost equal to the value of these functions at x, then D is almost a ball with center x? In this talk I will discuss recent results on these issues obtained in collaboration with E. Lanconelli (1) and with N. Fusco, E. Lanconelli and X. Zhong (2)
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Partial regularity of minimizers for real-analytic sub--Riemannian metrics
Paolo Albano
We describe the problem of the regularity of sub-Riemannian minimizers. We give some regularity results, in the real-analytic framework, obtained in collaboration with A.Bove.
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Symmetry results for hinged and clamped composite plate problems
Eugenio Vecchi, Sapienza Università di Roma
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
On the electrostatic Born-Infeld equation with point charges
Francesca Colasuonno, Università di Torino
In this seminar I will present some results on the electrostatic Born-Infeld equation set in the whole R^n. This equation is governed by the Lorentz-Minkowski mean curvature operator and was introduced, in the theory of nonlinear electromagnetism, as a generalization of the Poisson equation for the electrostatic potential. I will consider the case of a superposition of (possibly non-symmetrically distributed) point charges and discuss sufficient conditions to guarantee that the minimizer of the action functional is a solution of the problem. I will also present an approximation of the considered problem, governed by a sum of 2m-Laplacians, and show some qualitative properties of the approximating solutions, such as their behavior near the charges. This is a joint work with Denis Bonheure (Université Libre de Bruxelles) and Juraj Foldes (University of Virginia) available at arXiv:1707.07517.
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Towards a Faber-Krahn inequality for the truncated Laplacian
Isabeau Birindelli, Sapienza Università di Roma
Abstract: We shall see how symmetry plays a role on the estimates of the principal eigenvalue. We shall briefly recall some results for the Pucci operators and then show some new surprising results for the Harvey Lawson truncated laplacian. We shall also see some applications concerning the regularity of solutions in domains which are convex but not strictly convex.
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Some classification results for stable solutions to some nonlocal problems
Eleonora Cinti
In this talk we present some recent results concerning the classification of stable solutions to some semilinear nonlocal problems, such as the fractional Allen-Cahn equation. Crucial ingredients in the proof of the main results will be given by density and energies estimates for stable solutions.
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Symmetry and rigidity properties for long-range phase coexistence models
Enrico Valdinoci, Università Statale di Milano
We discuss some recent results on nonlocal phase transitions modelled by the fractional Allen-Cahn equation, also in connection with the surfaces minimising a nonlocal perimeter functional. In particular, we consider the "genuinely nonlocal regime" in which the diffusion operator is of order less than 1 and present some rigidity and symmetry results.
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Harnack inequalities of Landis-type for Hörmander operators in non-divergence form
Giulio Tralli, Sapienza Università di Roma
In this talk we will discuss the validity of Harnack inequalities for two classes of linear second order equations in nondivergence form. The first class is formed by degenerate-elliptic operators which are horizontally elliptic with respect to Heisenberg-type vector fields. The second one constitutes a class of evolution operators of Kolmogorov-Fokker-Planck type. The analogous of the Krylov-Safonov Harnack inequality for these classes of Hörmander operators with bounded measurable coefficients is still unknown, due to the absence of proper Aleksandrov-Bakelman-Pucci type estimates. We will show a perturbative approach to prove invariant Harnack inequalities for operators with coefficients satisfying either a Cordes-Landis assumption or a continuity hypothesis. This talk is based on joint works with F. Abedin and C.E. Gutiérrez.
27 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
A nonlinear toy model in kinetic theory
Cyril Imbert, CNRS, Ecole normale supérieure, département de mathématiques et applications
In this talk, I will present a recent joint work with C. Mouhot. It concerns a toy non-linear model in kinetic theory. We will see that the problem is globally well-posed in Sobolev spaces. The construction of solutions rely on some recent Hoelder estimates obtained with F. Golse, C. Mouhot and A. Vasseur combined with appropriate Schauder estimates.
26 Mar 2018
nell'ambito della serie
GHAIA Seminars
Seminario Deep Learning
R. Fioresi
23 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
The Faber-Krahn inequality
Lorenzo Brasco (Università di Ferrara)
Among N-dimensional open sets with given measure, balls (uniquely) minimize the first eigenvalue of the Laplacian with homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions. We review this classical result and discuss some of its applications. Then we show how this can be enhanced by means of a quantitative stability estimate. The resulting inequality, first conjectured by Nadirashvili and Bhattacharya & Weitsman, is sharp. The results presented are contained in a paper in collaboration with Guido De Philippis and Bozhidar Velichkov.
22 Mar 2018
nell'ambito della serie
Colloquio di Dipartimento
Hamming cube, martingales, Monge-Amp\’ere, and ancient solutions of heat equation
Alexander Volberg
Harmonic analysis is intimately related with martingale estimates. But there is another type of discrete analysis, namely, harmonic analysis on Hamming cube (the math. foundation of Big Data science) that seemed to be disjoint from this relationship. We show how many classical (and some new) estimates on Hamming cube follow from martingale estimates. We also show why this is related to solving certain non-linear PDE of Monge--Amp\`ere type and what are the relations with classical inequalities in Gaussian spaces. Our Monge—Amp\’ere equation will naturally bring us to ancient solutions of heat equation. On Hamming cube Monge—Amp\’ere should be discretized accordingly. But how? There are so many different ways to discretize PDE. We will show one way that seems to be often the right one and that ties harmonic analysis estimates of martingales with Poincar\’e type estimates on Hamming cube.
22 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
Sums of closed operators and L^p-maximal regularity for abstract parabolic equations (part 2)
Alberto Venni
The maximal regularity in L^p (1<p<∞) for the solution of a linear abstract Cauchy problem (1) u'(t) + Lu(t) = f(t), (2) u(0) = 0 where the unknown function u and the given function f are defined on [0,T] with values in a Banach space X, is the requirement that for any f∈L^p(0,T ; X) the Cauchy problem (1) - (2) has a unique solution and that u' and Au belong to L^p(0,T; X) and depend continuously on f in L^p(0,T; X). This problem can be stated in a more abstract form as the problem of solving the equation Au + Bu = f in the space Y = L^p(0,T; X) for appropriate operators A and B acting in Y. In these two seminars I will speak of a result that gives conditions on A, B and X to ensure the bounded invertibility of the operator A+B, and hence the maximal regularity for the solutions of the Cauchy problem.
16 Mar 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nell'ambito della serie
Seminari BAD
Philosophical 3-folds: how Tom and Jerry became existentialists
Enrico Fatighenti
The history of philosophy is full of deep and unanswered questions. Who are we? What is our purpose in this world? How many QQ-Fano threefolds exist in high codimension? Prophets Mori and Mukai in the late 80s provided a classification of smooth Fano threefolds of index one, and their 17+88 families are an irreplaceable tool in every birational geometer working kit. More important than the list itself was the strategy (the 'vector bundle method') and the mantra: Fano threefolds arise as linear section of "good" varieties coming from representation theory. The same results sadly does not extends to the QQ-Fano threefolds case (the natural playground for MMPers). Tom and Jerry models provides a good level of understanding up to codimension three, but the garden is still wild and untamed. In this talk we will provide an overview of the subject, and we will report on some recent progress in the classification.
16 Mar 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
nell'ambito della serie
Neuromatematica
Integrazione visuomotoria: l’area V6A della corteccia di macaco e i movimenti del braccio
Rossella Breveglieri
16 Mar 2018
nel ciclo di seminari
Geometria Algebrica e Tensori
Algebraic boundaries among typical ranks for real binary forms
Chiara Brambilla
Binary real forms of degree d admit as typical ranks all the integers between floor(d/2)+1 and d. We investigate the boundary between the open subset of rank r forms and the open subset of rank r+1. These boundaries are known only in the extreme cases, by Lee-Sturmfels (between rank floor(d/2)+1 and floor(d/2)+2) and Comon-Ottaviani (between rank d-1 and d). We investigate the intermediate boundaries. In the talk I will present our new results, focusing on the case of degree 7 forms. This is work in progress with G.Stagliano'.
15 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Everywhere regularity of vectorial minimizers of some non-convex functionals
Giovanni Cupini
The convexity of the integrand of a functional of the calculus of variations is equivalent to the lower semicontinuity of the functional in the scalar case, but it is only a sufficient condition in the vectorial case. So, it is not satisfied by many interesting examples to which the existence theorems apply. Moreover, the convexity of the integrand turns out to be a too strong and unrealistic assumption in applications, as for instance in mathematical models in nonlinear elasticity (Ball 1977). In the vectorial framework more appropriate and weaker conditions than the convexity are the polyconvexity and the quasiconvexity. Under these assumptions, many results were proved concerning the partial regularity of minimizers (regularity on open sets of full measure), but the results concerning the everywhere regularity are very few and mainly in low dimensions (n=N=2). We will discuss recent everywhere regularity results of vectorial minimizers for some classes of polyconvex and quasiconvex functionals (n,N >2) obtained in collaboration with F. Leonetti and E. Mascolo (local boundedness) and with them and M. Focardi (Holder continuity). The proofs rely on the power and elegant (typically scalar) method by De Giorgi (1957).
15 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
Sums of closed operators and L^p-maximal regularity for abstract parabolic equations (part 1)
Alberto Venni
The maximal regularity in L^p (1<p<∞) for the solution of a linear abstract Cauchy problem (1) u'(t) + Lu(t) = f(t), (2) u(0) = 0 where the unknown function u and the given function f are defined on [0,T] with values in a Banach space X, is the requirement that for any f∈L^p(0,T ; X) the Cauchy problem (1) - (2) has a unique solution and that u' and Au belong to L^p(0,T; X) and depend continuously on f in L^p(0,T; X). This problem can be stated in a more abstract form as the problem of solving the equation Au + Bu = f in the space Y = L^p(0,T; X) for appropriate operators A and B acting in Y. In these two seminars I will speak of a result that gives conditions on A, B and X to ensure the bounded invertibility of the operator A+B, and hence the maximal regularity for the solutions of the Cauchy problem.
15 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi numerica
metodi numerici per sistemi di equazioni matriciali
Sarah Gaaf
13 Mar 2018
Reti neurali e Deep Learning
R. Fioresi
13 Mar 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
Propagation of singularities at a non analytic hyperbolic fixed point and an application to the quantization of resonances II
Setsuro FUJIIE
We will explains some details of the proof of the previous seminar, concerning the quantization rule of resonances when the trapped set of the corresponding Hamiltonian system consists of hyperbolic fixed points and associated homoclinic and heteroclinic trajectories. (joint work with Jean-Fran¥c cois Bony (Bordeaux), Thierry Ramond (Paris XI) and Maher Zerzeri (Paris XIII)).
09 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
nell'ambito della serie
Complex Analysis Lab
s-Regular Functions which Preserve a Complex Slice
Chiara De Fabritiis
Regular functions on the skew-field of quaternions were introduced by Gentili and Struppa some 10 years ago in order to give an analogue of holomorphic functions in a non commutative setting. After a (short) introduction, I will give a formula which allows us to simplify the understanding of the *-product, which corresponds to the pointwise product of holomorphic functions. The peculiar structure of quaternions, foliated in copies of complex plane, drives naturally to consider the classes of functions which preserve either one or all complex slices. The main part of the talk will be devoted to characterize the functions whose sum, *-product or conjugate preserve a slice. At the end, I will address to the case of *-powers which shows an unexpected connection with a problem of algebraic geometry studied by Causa and Re. (Joint work with A. Altavilla)
08 Mar 2018
Carleson measures for the Dirichlet space on the polydisc
Pavel Mozolyako
The Dirichlet space on the polydisc consists of analytic functions defined on the cartesian product of n-copies of a disc, having finite Sobolev norm. In the one-dimensional case (d = 1) the Carleson measures were first described by Stegenga (’80) in terms of capacity, further development was achieved in papers by Arcozzi, Rochberg, Sawyer, Wick and others. Following Arcozzi et al. we consider the equivalent problem in the discrete setting - characterization of trace measures for the Hardy operator on the polytree. For d = 2 we present a description of such measures in terms of bilogarithmic capacity (which, in turn, gives the description of Carleson measures for the Dirichlet space on the bidisc in the sense of Stegenga). We also discuss some arising combinatorial problems. This talk is based on joint work with N. Arcozzi, K.-M. Perfekt, G. Sarfatti.
08 Mar 2018
seminario di analisi matematica, fisica matematica
Propagation of singularities at a non analytic hyperbolic fixed point and an application to the quantization of resonances I
Setsuro FUJIIÉ (Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto)
It is well known as Hörmander's theorem that the (semiclassical) wave front set of the solution to a pseudo-differential equation propagates along Hamiltonian flows of the real principal type symbol. We extend this theorem to fixed points of the Hamiltonian vector field. To a hyperbolic fixed point, associated an outgoing and an incoming stable manifolds, and we show that if the semiclassical wave front set is empty on the incoming stable manifold (except at the fixed point), then it is also empty on the outgoing one. We also show how such theorems are applied to a scattering problem of the Schr¥"odinger operator. We give the quantization rule of resonances when the trapped set of the corresponding Hamiltonian system consists of hyperbolic fixed points and associated homoclinic and heteroclinic trajectories. This is a joint work with Jean-Fran¥c cois Bony (Bordeaux), Thierry Ramond (Paris XI) and Maher Zerzeri (Paris XIII)
01 Mar 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
nell'ambito della serie
Colloquio di Dipartimento
Some equations of biology
Benoit Perthame
28 Feb 2018
seminario di probabilità
Probabilità e Informazione
Davide Dardari, Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Energia Elettrica e dell'Informazione "Guglielmo Marconi"
26 Feb 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Reti neurali convoluzionali e Deep Learning
R. Fioresi
L'intenzione e' di discutere le note di Fei Fei Li: http://cs231n.stanford.edu/ [cs231n.stanford.edu] Non sono necessari requisiti particolari eccetto qualche conoscenza di programmazione, preferibilmente python.
22 Feb 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Poincaré-Sobolev Inequalities and the p-Laplacian
Scott Rodney
20 Feb 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
Focusing Belief Propagation: traffic slowdowns prediction.
Rachele Luzi
Belief Propagation (BP) is an iterative message passing algorithm that can be used to derive marginal probabilities on a system within the Bethe-Peierls approximation. It is not well understood how this deep learning method is able to learn and how it doesn't get trapped in configurations with low computational performance. Since we aim to classify the congestion situations, we analyze the fundamental diagram of traffic which gives a relation between the traffic flow and the traffic density. A traffic congestion occurs when the density of the road grows up and the flow decreases. In order to predict congestion situations, we train the BP neural network using binarized vectors obtained by the processing of the fundamental diagram. We apply our method to real data which have been recorded by traffic detectors provided by Emilia Romagna region.
20 Feb 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
Dreaming and unlearning in neural networks
Elena Agliari
In the first part of this talk we review the main definitions, concepts and classical results on neural networks, distinguishing between the two principal cognitive tasks, i.e., "learning" and "retrieval". Focusing on the latter, the Hopfield model is probably the one most extensively investigated, although it exhibits an intrinsic capacity limit (in terms of the ratio between the amount P of stored patterns and the network size N) far below the theoretical known bound. In this talk we will show that this limit can be improved by means of “unlearning” iterations which mimic unconscious mechanisms taking place during the REM phase of mammals.
20 Feb 2018
seminario di fisica matematica
Mean field models and inverse problem
Cecilia Vernia
The inverse problem is tested for a class of statistical mechanics mean-field models: the Curie-Weiss model together with its multi-species version and the monomer-dimer model with attractive interaction. In particular, we show that the inversion is obtained by analytically identifying the model parameters in terms of the correlation functions. Moreover, we show that the robustness of the inversion procedure depends on the knowledge of the phase space of the system.
20 Feb 2018
seminario di analisi numerica
Convexity in Bipartite Mean Field models
Emanuele Mingione
Abstract In this talk we introduce a new variational approach to a class mean-field models, the so called bipartite spin models. In this framework the set of spins is divided in two groups and the interaction links only spins belonging to different groups. We start with the bipartite Curie-Weiss model showing how this approach leads to two equivalent variational representations of the limiting pressure density of the model.
20 Feb 2018
seminario interdisciplinare
nell'ambito della serie
Topics in Mathematics 2017/2018
An introduction to Neural Networks and Deep Learning
Andrea Asperti (Dipartimento di Informatica - Scienza e Ingegneria, Università di Bologna)
16 Feb 2018
nell'ambito della serie
Complex Analysis Lab
Some results on an isoperimetric model for charged liquid drops
Berardo Ruffini
We consider an isoperimetric model, originally proposed by Lord Rayleigh, aimed to describe the (lack of) equilibria of a liquid conducting drop in presence of a charge on its surface. The resulting functional contains an attracting term, usually modeled by the perimeter of the drop, and a repulsive term depending on the amount of charge considered and the electric capacity of the drop. We show that, quite surprisingly, the resulting variational problem is ill posed. We then consider several modification of it and we investigate existence, uniqueness and stability issues about those problem. The talk is based on works in collaborations with M. Goldman, C. Muratov and M. Novaga.
15 Feb 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
La tecnica della funzione massimale sharp nelle stime a priori W^{2,p} per operatori non variazionali
Marco Bramanti
10 Feb 2018
Propagation of singularities at a non analytic hyperbolic fixed point and an application to the quantization of resonances II
Set
08 Feb 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Esponenti critici e dove trovarli
Sandra Lucente
In this talk I will present different semilinear wave-type problems with time-variable coefficients. Main discussion will concern the influence of such coefficients on the critical exponents which characterize the equation. The analysis of global existence and blow-up below or above this critical exponent will follows.
02 Feb 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Real forms of Kac Moody superalgebras, II
Meng Kiat Chuah
01 Feb 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Il problema della regolarità delle geodetiche per le distanze di controllo.
Roberto Monti
Illustreremo una serie di risultati in collaborazione con vari coautori sul problema della regolarità delle curve minime per la lunghezza negli spazi di Carnot-Caratheodory. Discuteremo l'esistenza di tangenti in ogni punti a valcuni risultati algebrici sulle cosiddette curve abnormali.
27 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Some random walks in the Heisenberg group
Juan Manfredi
We will discuss some examples of random walks and their relation to asymptotic mean value properties, and viscosity solutions to p-Laplace equations in the Heisenberg group.
26 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
nell'ambito della serie
Complex Analysis Lab
Shift invariant subspaces of the quaternionic space of slice L^2 functions
Giulia Sarfatti
In this seminar I will introduce the space of slice L^2 functions over the quaternions and I will present a characterization result for (simply and doubly) invariant subspaces for the shift operator, recently obtained in collaboration with Alessandro Monguzzi. Besides its own interest, our result gives a different proof for the quaternionic analog of the classical Beurling Theorem and allows us to obtain an inner-outer factorization for functions in the quaternionic Hardy space.
26 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Mathematics of visual perception: a neurogeometrical approach
Alessandro Sarti
I will review the role of sub-Riemannian geometry in neurogeometry of the visual cortex (SE(2) group) and show how it is engendering visual perception. Particularly horizontal curves and geodesics will account for a number of geometric phenomena on the visual field. A mean field equation defined on the SE(2) geometry will model neural activity and its symmetry breaking will provide visual percepts. An open problem about heterogeneous neurogeometry will be preliminarily discussed. (Joint work with Giovanna Citti)
26 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
The restriction of the Fourier transform to surfaces: the hyperbolic case
Ana Vargas
The problem of restriction of the Fourier transform to hypersurfaces was posed by Stein in the seventies. This operator, in its adjoint form, gives the solution of dispersive equations (Schrödinger, wave, etc) in terms of the Fourier transform of the initial data. There are many open problems about dispersive equations for which it can be a powerful tool. Also, the restriction operator can be thought as a model case for more complicated oscillatory integral operators, such as, for instance, the operators of spherical summation of the Fourier transform. We will make a review of the problem, which is still open. We will present some new results for the case of surfaces with negative curvature. This part is joint work with Detlef Müller and Stefan Buschenhenke.
25 Gen 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Inner and outer automorphisms in Lie theory
Meng Kiat Chuah
For an algebraic or geometric object L, its automorphisms form a group Aut(L). If in addition Aut(L) has a topology, we denote its identity component by Int(L), and define the quotient group Out(L) = Aut(L)/Int(L). The members of Int(L) are called inner, and the remaining are called outer. Let L be a complex semisimple Lie algebra with Dynkin diagram D. It is well known that Out(L) = Aut(D). We extend this result to the real forms of L, and discuss the classification of real forms up to Int(L). We also consider possible extensions of these results to contragredient Lie superalgebras.
24 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Minimal surfaces in the Heisenberg group
Sebastiano Nicolussi Golo
Geometric Measure Theory in the sub-Riemannian Heisenberg group leave unanswered several fundamental questions. The main issue is the regularity of area-minimizing surfaces, because sets of finite sub-Riemannian perimeter may have fractal behaviours. I will present some recent results obtained in collaboration with Francesco Serra Cassano and Manuel Ritoré.
24 Gen 2018
seminario di probabilità
On Wong - Zakai approximation theorems for Ito stochastic differential equations
Alberto Lanconelli, Università degli Studi di Bari
24 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Celebrating two old friends: Juan Manfredi and the p-Laplacian
Giuseppe Mingione
As a young Ph.D. student, the first nonlinear operator I met was the p-Laplacean; later on, the first visitor I invited to Parma was Juan Manfredi (in 1997, if I remember correctly). And it is definitely not by chance the two things are related. This talk is the occasion to celebrate both of them, with some recent regularity results coming form nonlinear potential theory.
24 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Poincaré inequalities for differential forms on Heisenberg groups
Pierre Pansu
Every closed differential form \omega on a Euclidean ball has a primitive whose L^q norm is bounded by the L^p norm of \omega (for suitable exponents p and q). We prove an analogous result for Rumin's exterior differential on Heisenberg balls. This is used to prove vanishing of \ell^{q,p}-cohomology of Heisenberg groups. Extension to other Carnot groups will be discussed.
22 Gen 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Real forms of Kac Moody superalgebras, I
M.-K. Chuah
22 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
Tug of war and nonlinear operators
Juan Manfredi, Pittsburgh University
Seminario riservato ai membri del progetto MANET
19 Gen 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
nel ciclo di seminari
Seminari di Algebra
Equazioni differenziali con singolarita` di tipo oper e prodotto tensore di rappresentazioni
Andrea Maffei
Lo spazio degli Oper regolari e` una famiglia di equazioni differenziali lineari in una variabile complessa t, dipendenti da un parametro x con una singolarita` in t=x, associati ad un gruppo compatto connesso G. Nel caso di G=SL(2) nel seminario verranno introdotte e studiate delle famiglie di equazioni differenziali dipendenti da due parametri x,y con singolarita` in t=x e t=y e che per x diverso da y sono oper regolari vicino a x e vicino a y e verra` determinato il tipo di equazioni che si ottiene per x=y. I risultati descritti sono parte di un progetto di ricerca in collaborazione con Giorgia Fortuna.
19 Gen 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Tensori di Grassmann in Computer Vision
Cristina Turrini (Università di Milano)
Vengono introdotti i tensori di Grassmann per proiezioni P^k - - -> P^h_j, j=1,...r, utilizzati in Computer Vision per la ricostruzione proiettiva di scene statiche e dinamiche. Dopo aver ricordato i risultati classici (ossia nel caso di proiezioni da P^3), si considera il caso di due proiezioni tra spazi di dimensione qualsiasi e si accenna a qualche risultato per piu' proiezioni tra spazi di dimensione "piccola". I tensori di Grassmann vengono poi utilizzati per lo studio dei luoghi critici per la ricostruzione.
12 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
SL(n) - connections and self-adjoint difference operators on two-dimensional manifolds.
P.G. Grinevich
There are two alternative definitions of discrete connections on triangulated manifolds. The most known one associates a group element to each edge. An alternative approach uses first-order operators on simplexes of higher dimension. We show that in dimension two such connections are associated with self-adjoint second order operators, and the self-adjointness is equivalent to existence of two factorizations. We also show that Laplace transformations can be interpreted as the star-triangle transformation used in electrical circuits.
09 Gen 2018
seminario di analisi matematica
The nonlocality of the Pavlov equation and a tomographic problem with opaque parabolic objects
P.G. Grinevich
In contrast with 1+1 dimensional systems, integrable 2+1 systems are usually non-local, and integration based on the scattering transform corresponds to a special choice of integration constants. For the KP equation this study turned out to be rather non-trivial. We show that in case of the so-called Pavlov equation, with is a dispersionless 2+1 dimensional integrable model, the answer can be explained using some lemma from integral geometry.
09 Gen 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
Tori compatti associati a varieta' iperkaehler di tipo Kummer
Kieran O'Grady
Se X e' una varieta' iperkaehler di tipo Kummer, il gruppo di coomologia H^3(X) ha dimensione 8, e quindi la Jacobiana intermedia J^3(X) e' un toro complesso compatto di dimensione 4, proiettivo se X e' proiettiva. Faro' vedere come ricostruire esplicitamente J^3(X) a partire dalla struttura di Hodge su H^2(X). In particolare seguira' che, se X e' proiettiva, allora J^3(X) e' una varieta' abeliana di tipo Weil. Lo studio di J^3(X) suggerisce come (tentare di) costruire famiglie esplicite localmente complete di varieta' iperkaehler di tipo Kummer proiettive.
08 Gen 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
COHEN-MACAULAY SIMPLICIAL COMPLEXES IN ARBITRARY CODIMENSION
RAHIM ZAARE-NAHANDI (UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN)
A simplicial complex of dimension d - 1 is said to be Cohen-Macaulay in codimension t, 0 <= t <=d -1, if it is pure and the link of any face with cardinality at least t is Cohen-Macaulay. This generalizes several concepts on simplicial complexes such as Cohen-Macaualyness, Buchsbaum property, S_r condition of Serre, and locally Cohen-Macaulayness. Most results on the simplicial complexes with aforementioned properties naturally extend to the case of Cohen-Macaulayness in codimension t. In particular, the Eagon-Reiner theorem, the local behavior, and the homological vanishing properties are suitably retained. Furthermore, characterizations of certain families of Cohen-Macaulay simplicial complexes carry over characterizations of these families of simplicial complexes which are Cohen-Macaulay in codimension t. This talk is based on recent joint works with H. Haghighi, S. A. S. Fakhari and S. Yassemi. 1
08 Gen 2018
seminario di algebra e geometria
COHEN-MACAULAY SIMPLICIAL COMPLEXES IN ARBITRARY CODIMENSION
RAHIM ZAARE-NAHANDI (UNIVERSITY OF TEHRAN)
A simplicial complex of dimension d - 1 is said to be Cohen-Macaulay in codimension t, 0 <= t <=d -1, if it is pure and the link of any face with cardinality at least t is Cohen-Macaulay. This generalizes several concepts on simplicial complexes such as Cohen-Macaualyness, Buchsbaum property, S_r condition of Serre, and locally Cohen-Macaulayness. Most results on the simplicial complexes with aforementioned properties naturally extend to the case of Cohen-Macaulayness in codimension t. In particular, the Eagon-Reiner theorem, the local behavior, and the homological vanishing properties are suitably retained. Furthermore, characterizations of certain families of Cohen-Macaulay simplicial complexes carry over characterizations of these families of simplicial complexes which are Cohen-Macaulay in codimension t. This talk is based on recent joint works with H. Haghighi, S. A. S. Fakhari and S. Yassemi. 1